Walls of Buitrago is located in the community of Madrid, in the Township of old bridge, a few kilometers from the town of Mangiron, the municipal capital of which is separated by the dam of old bridges. Up to 1975 He was part of the municipality of Paredes de Buitrago.
It is located at the foot of the Sierra of the dead woman.
Walls of Buitrago is a typical livestock village, generated and conditioned by its economy, the climate and topography that sits. Belongs since 1975 al termino municipal de Puentes Viejas.
Its rural architecture, as the all the Sierra Norte, is conditioned by the climate. The slabs of slate, Stone, adobe and wood are the basic material used for dwellings achieving so bundle up for the rigors of the winter.
The Iglesia Parroquial de la Inmaculada Concepción es la más importante de las iglesias levantadas en el término municipal. Se trata de un edificio gótico del siglo XV con restos mudéjares en la portada y el arco del triunfo.
Museo de La Fragua: Located in the old forge of walls of Buitrago, different rehabilitation activities were carried out in its architecture and environment.
Inside the Museum are various elements related to the activity of the forge: the bellows, Anvil, Tools, Fireplace, Water battery, etc.
Este museo recupera la figura del herrero-forjador, as well as the tools and processes of transformation of iron, through an audio system that transports to a forge in full operation.
On the outside we can see other works related to the own forge: the old source of 17TH century - 18th, del Potro's branding and Waterer.
Between July of the 1936 until the end of the war 1 April of 1939 here were fought decisive battles for the defence of Madrid from attack by fascist troops sublevadas against the democratic Government.
The topography of the Sierra and the commitment of volunteers served as the fascist troops hahaha nails again, ramming against the Republic defenses.
The core of walls is located in the Northwest of the municipality of old bridges and the place name seems to refer to a wall or near fold prior to the Castilian settlement.
References and archaeological remains that are known in the term belong to medieval settlements. At the end of the 13th century the four peoples who today form old bridge became part of the lordship of Buitrago.
In 1492, appear news about some of the populations of old bridges on the inventory of goods that the Jews left in the village and land of Buitrago.
For judicial affairs, the region was divided into quarters. Like this, Walls and Serrada belonged to the de la Jara, Mangiron to the throat and Cinco Villas to the surroundings.
Before the 18th century, There are hardly any old bridge data on demographics, society and economic relations. It is known, However, the use of livestock and forest resources is regulated by Ordinances. Las primeras ordenanzas conservadas datan del siglo XVI.
Su economía se basaba en la ganadería, Since agriculture was very poor.
The four villages had livestock, wool mainly, but there were also beef, horse, asinine and bristle. And at least, except in Cincovillas, they had a Dehesa Boyal in each village where grazing cattle work and which occasionally obtained coal.
In the 19th century , There is the abolition of the Seigniorial regime, the crisis of the sheep herd and the disappearance of the Mesta, the ecclesiastical and civil confiscation and the new territorial division of 1833.
Why, the four villages of old bridges go to Madrid through the corregimiento of Torrelaguna. Cincovillas became an annex of Mangiron and Serrada ceased to be an annex of Berzosa to form its own City Hall.
In the 20th century, Puentes Viejas and El Villar dams construction is at the beginning of century the arrival of new workers and the job offer to the inhabitants of the area. While in the first quarter of the century the population increase is maintained, begins to invest this progression, mostly from the years 50 with the migration to Madrid and neglect of agriculture.
Currently converted to cattle milk livestock continues to maintain some importance, together with the construction and services, they are the main sources of income.