Piñuécar municipality is located in the northern area of the autonomous community of Madrid, at an altitude of 1.062 meters above the sea level, located in the region of the Valley of Lozoya.
Piñuécar-Gandullas has an area of approximately 19 km2 and a total population of 187 inhabitants, According to the latest data obtained; ES, because, a small town, whose main source of income comes from both the countryside and agriculture.
This town is located at a distance of 85 kilometres from Madrid. The roads that give access to Piñuécar-Gandullas can be done both by the A-1 with own car or public transport: lines 196, from the Plaza de Castilla in Madrid, or 181 and 182 from the municipality of Buitrago.
Although of uncertain origins, the most probable thesis on the municipality are based on logical displacement of the population of municipalities near Buitrago. However, medieval times seems to have given way to the village and its unique architectural character:
* The Church of St. Simon, dating back to the 16th century, en cuyo interior el visitante podrá observar el arco de medio punto.
* La Casamata, testigo silencioso de los acontecimientos bélicos de la Guerra Civil Española.
* La Fragua de Piñuecar, testimonio de la antigua forma de vida de sus pobladores.
* Cercano al municipio de Piñuecar-Gandullas se encuentra la estación de Seguimiento de Satélites.
What to visit
En el Cerro de Piñuécar, on the road that leads to the A-1, se conserva un búnker de la Guerra Civil.
Espadaña de la Iglesia Parroquial de Santo
Domingo de Guzmán
En las inmediaciones de Piñuécar, near A-1, the belfry of the old Parish Church of Santo Domingo is emerging. Is all that remains of what was Piñuécar parish, Bellidas and Ventosilla, built in the 14th century. In this place, In addition, the Tribunal de las Aguas meetings were held.
Estación de Seguimiento de Satélites
En la carretera de Gandullas a Buitrago, Satellite tracking station is located, where large parabolic antennas, easily visible from the area. The visit is not permitted.
Otros elementos arquitectónicos
En cada núcleo urbano también se mantiene una fragua y un potro de herrar. In Piñuecar, In addition, a former laundry is kept. Finally, next to the Madarquillos River, It still remains the mill of Fausta.
The stone of the times (Gandullas)
Gandullas is one of the examples showing the livestock and agricultural past of the town. It is the stone of the times, a circular stone marked with notches and a vertical iron in the Middle as a sundial. Each notch was considered as time, i.e. While a neighbor could have water for irrigation or other purposes.
Church of our Lady of peace (Gandullas)
It is the most representative building of the urban core. This church had to be rebuilt after severe damage suffered during the Civil War. It is a slender and construction of a ship in which he outlines the Tower.
St. Simon's Church (Piñuécar)
It seems that it was built by residents before the 16th century. Has a medieval type header and keeps a rich heritage between singled out its Baroque altar and a Romanesque Christ.
Piñuécar name derives from the extensive pine forests that cover the higher areas of the territory. Meadows in which grow oak trees abound in the environment of the population - which forms a single municipality with the small core of Gandullas-, Oaks and a typical vegetation of scrubland.
Both Piñuécar and Gandullas have medieval origins, founded by pastors from Buitrago to repopulate the Earth after the expulsion of the Muslims. Both relied on the lordship of Buitrago until the beginning of the 19th century. Initially formed other two cores - Bellidas and Ventosilla -, Today depopulated.
Witness of the medieval period is less than a kilometre from Piñuécar, semi-covert between Oaks and ghostly appearance, the belfry of the old church of Santo Domingo. 16th century documents the Church of Santo Domingo as the seat of the Tribunal de las Aguas, which distributed quantities for irrigation and punished the faults committed by the irrigators. It is said that this church stones served to lift the San Simón de Piñuécar.
The Church of San Simón de Piñuécar is a very beautiful temple, from the 16th century. It has a circular apse in the header and square feet Tower. On the ship, a trace Mudéjar brick arch gives way to the presbytery, where you can admire a good Baroque altarpiece dedicated to the owner of the temple. It also keeps a stack of holy water with gallons and a stone baptismal font. The wooden coffered ceilings has been very well restored.
The whole forming the Church, the building of the Town Hall and the fountain in Plaza Mayor.
Wandering the streets of Piñuécar we find good examples of traditional architecture in wood and stone, with few windows and large doors to bring the cattle. The Colt Horseshoe is located next to a few orchards.