La Hiruela is a typical livestock village, generated and conditioned by its economy, the climate and topography that sits. Its urban layout is very simple, as a result of the main concern of shelter from the rigours of the climate, with the progressive construction of compact constructions, closed to the outside, supporting each other along two main streets, sharing party walls; leave some inbound to paths that lead to meadows and orchards and planted. Through these open spaces they pass gullies, harnessing the water of the springs that are born above the village.

It has Multipurpose room for meetings, conferences, cultural events, etc., fully equipped.

Ethnographic museum c / Herrerias, 2. 91 869 73 28

The municipality of La Hiruela is located on the Northwest edge of the province of Madrid, between hills and broken terrain of the East side of Somosierra, to 95 Km. Madrid, in the basin of the river Jarama. The Porrejón peak reaches the 1.827 m. and next to the Jarama altitude is of 1.700 m, as the altitude of the village of 1.257 m.

The village of La Hiruela is surrounded by the Jarama River North, la Fuentecilla East Brook and Brook of Umbria, to the West. At the bottom there is a large fenced orchard area.

What to visit

The small Iglesia de San Miguel Arcángel, located in the Centre of the village, dating back to the Baroque period and consists of a single nave, It highlights his arch raised above the portico entrance and its main Chapel. It's a construction of small dimensions but houses great charm ruralesdotada.

The Molino Harinero de la Hiruela, recently restored, It is the only one that grinds the old way in the community of Madrid and is situated in a privileged natural enclave. The water that is used to grind cereals, they belong to the birth of the Jarama River, deviant by caz to mill. Guided visits (schools, associations, companies...): 91 869 73 28.

Gastronomy

La Hiruela was very valued for its fruit trees: Apple and cherry trees, whose fruits were sold in nearby towns and in some cases even in the own capital. Still is still planting orchards for self-consumption: beans, potatoes and other vegetables.

The slaughter of the pig was a rich and plentiful pantry year-round. Veal that provide our pastures is much appreciated.

There are currently two locals engaged in beekeeping, where can I buy delicious homemade Honey Oak and Heath.

History

La Hiruela was founded between the 12th and 13th centuries at the time of the reconquest, originally belonging to the community of Villa and land of Buitrago finally in 1490 was it exempted obtained the privilege of Villazgo. It belonged to the community of Villa and land of Buitrago, being head of the fourth of the four exempted Villas (with the Puebla and El Atazar), and with all of them became part of the Mendoza from 1368, integrating the Señorío de Buitrago. In 1490 He obtained the privilege of Villazgo and its canada gained the rank of real, thus manifesting its importance of livestock. bed and breakfast in 1751 they inhabited the place 55 neighbors. There were irrigated vegetable lands, fruit and nut trees, irrigated and non-irrigated meadows, seeding of rain-fed lands, pastures for grazing and firewood, Ejido grass, montes and incultas.casas rural land is producing rye, linen, Flaxseed, herbs, Apples and cherries. In terms of livestock, the presence of pig was, ox, cow, goat and sheep. Hives are also exploited. At this time it was already consolidated urban fabric that has remained practically unchanged to the present day. It is structured in two parallel streets at different heights that descend from the entrance of the village the road coming from Montejo and the port of La Hiruela, up to the plaza where the Church is based. Today, La Hiruela maintains its original fabric without actions that degrade the structure of the settlement, and second homes outside the village buildings. The buildings are distinctly rustic, Slate slab factory (the ground stone) and gaps with wood fences. Some of them are abandoned.

Architecture

Its rural architecture, as the all the Sierra Norte, is conditioned by the climate. The slabs of slate, Stone, adobe and wood are the basic material used for dwellings achieving so bundle up for the rigors of the winter.